(Dandruff to Cradle Cap)

Seborrheic Dermatitis is an extremely common dermatologic condition that is generally considered a type of eczema.

What Are the Symptoms?

Dandruff, skin issue .As with most types of eczema, a red, scaly irritated rash is noted on the skin. People with seborrheic dermatitis will often complain of scaling or excessive flaking. This is often accompanied with itching or irritation in the affected areas of their skin. Areas most-often effected by this condition include the scalp, eyebrows, nasolabial folds, and corners of the mouth. The beard area, chest and groin can be affected causing flaking and discomfort as well. In general, these areas are rich in sebum and sebaceous glands. On the skin, the rash appears red and slightly oily, with yellow-coloured crust and scales. Seborrheic dermatitis is one of the most common causes of dandruff when it develops on the scalp.

Seborrheic dermatitis in babies and young children is commonly called Cradle Cap.

What Causes Seborrheic Dermatitis?

The most common cause of this condition is a reaction to a yeast called Malassezia. This yeast is a normal inhabitant of our skin’s oil glands.While this yeast is not necessarily overgrown in affected individuals, it is thought that the yeast’s interaction with the body’s immune system is what leads to redness, itching and flaking. Flares have been associated with stress, changes in the weather/seasons and a few medical conditions including Parkinson’s.

How Is It Treated?

There is no guaranteed cure for seborrheic dermatitis, and some may experience exacerbation and periods of quiescence over time. A major goal of treatment is helping People manage their symptoms and ultimately put the condition into remission. Topical treatments such as anti-yeast shampoos like Selsun Blue shampoo, Dead Sea magik shampoo and mud mask, Nizoral shampoo. Sometimes a steroid cream is required to help minimise the discomfort and irritation. Other topical keratolytic agents like salicylic acid, zinc- and topical anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial preparations have been used with good success. Extreme or unresponsive clients may require phototherapy or systemic treatment to get their condition under control. Avoid sugar rich foods and drinks.