External factors account for approximately 90% of perceived skin ageing – including wrinkles, roughness, mottled pigmentation (age spots) and loss of elasticity. These external factors include, but are not limited to, smoking, UV light, stress, environment and pollution. These external factors are called free radicals. Free radicals are another contributing factor of skin ageing.These are parts of molecules (e.g. oxygen molecules) that are found in the body. As a result of external factors, like ultraviolet radiation, nicotine or unhealthy food, the free radicals become prone to react. This means that they are constantly looking for other chemical substances to bond with. Hence, they attack the collagen fibres, cellular membrane and lipid layer of the skin. Free radicals change the inherited properties stored in the cell nucleus, so that the quality of newly formed skin cells deteriorates.
The body protects itself against these aggressors through anti-oxidant enzyme systems (antioxidants). But from the age of twenty onwards, these natural defence mechanisms gradually decline, so that the skin can no longer defend itself. Therefore, one of the basic ideas of modern anti-ageing therapy consists of making up for the deficiencies in antioxidants caused by advanced ageing by supplying the body with the appropriate vitamin supplements.
Antioxidants neutralise free radicals, help prevent damage to skin’s support structure and help prevent visible signs of ageing by stimulating collagen.
Antioxidants are substances that help create a barrier from free radial damage.
Antioxidants are also widely used as ingredients in dietary supplements in the hope of maintaining health and preventing diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease.
(Antioxidants include Beta Carotene, Pomegranate, Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid), Vitamin E (Alpha-Tocopherol), Vitamin A, Goji Berry, Ellagic acid, Ginkgo Biloba, Rose Hips, Garlic, Grape seed, Bilberry, Seaweed and Green tea.
Topical (applied to the surface of the skin) antioxidants enter the skin and protect against both UVB and UVA radiation from the sun. Studies show that, once in the skin, topical antioxidants remain for days and cannot be washed, rubbed or perspired off. )
The most established topical antioxidant with excellent clinical evidence is Vitamin C - however, to be effective it must possess the following characteristics:
SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic not only contains the right form and strength of Vitamin C but is also combined with two other powerful antioxidants to form a unique and powerful combination containing:
New research shows:
Daily application, along with the use of a broad spectrum sunblock offers ultimate protection from UV light and associated skin damage (including the prevention of some skin cancers).
Improvement in complexion and fine lines after one year's use of SkinCeuticals vitamin C plus SkinCeuticals ultra 50.
SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic is a high tech proven antioxidant combination that:
This product is ideal for all skin types and should be applied once daily (in the morning) using fingertips, apply 4-5 drops of C E Ferulic to exposed skin - i.e. face, neck, hands and chest.
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